Information Terms and PDFs

We understand the importance of educating our clients. Several client education pieces have been added containing information on various conditions and problems that may pertain to you and your pet. We hope that they will both educate and help you understand a diagnosis that has been made.

A brief definition has been provided for each condition. To access the accompanying PDF, click on the definition term.

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A swollen area within body tissue, containing an accumulation of pus.
Acral Lick Dermatitis (Lick Granuloma)
A lick granuloma, also known as acral lick dermatitis, is a skin disorder in dogs. It results typically from the dog's urge to lick the lower portion of one of its legs.
Acute Moist Dermatitis (Hot Spot)
Is a red and inflamed area of skin that is caused by a bacterial infection. The more common name of this health concern is hot spots.
Hostile or violent behavior or attitudes toward another; readiness to attack or confront.
Anal Sac Disease
The anal sacs are located on each side of the anus, just under the skin. They open to the outside by tiny passageways or ducts. Glands within the anal sacs produce a dark, foul-smelling substance.
A condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in pallor and weariness.
Anticoagulant Rodenticide Poisoning
Anticoagulant rodenticides are poisons used to kill rats. Rodenticide means rodent killer. An anticoagulant is a blood thinner.
A respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing.
An immediate allergy: an allergic reaction that becomes apparent only minutes after contact.


Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome
Brachycephalic airway syndrome (BAS) is a group of primary and secondary abnormalities that result in upper airway obstruction.


A cataract is a cloudiness or opacity in the normally transparent crystalline lens of the eye.
Chronic Renal Failure
Chronic renal (kidney) failure occurs when disease or disorder damages the kidneys so that they are no longer capable of adequately removing fluids and wastes from the body or of maintaining the proper level of certain kidney-regulated chemicals in the bloodstream.
Collapsing Trachea
Tracheal collapse is a condition characterized by incomplete formation or weakening of the cartilagenous rings of the trachea resulting in flattening of the trachea.
Corneal Ulcer
Corneal ulcer, or ulcerative keratitis, is an inflammatory or more seriously, infective condition of the cornea involving disruption of its epithelial layer with involvement of the corneal stroma.
Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture
The tearing of a ligament in the stifle joint.


Demodicosis, also called demodectic mange or red mange, is caused by a sensitivity to and overpopulation of Demodex canis as the animal's immune system is unable to keep the mites under control.
Diabetes Mellitus
A severe, chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin and resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.


Elbow Dysplasia
Elbow dysplasia is a condition involving multiple developmental abnormalities of the elbow-joint in the dog, specifically the growth of cartilage or the structures surrounding it.


Feline Leukemia (FELEUK)
Feline leukemia virus is a retrovirus that infects cats. It depresses the immune system and leads to opportunistic infections, lymphosarcoma, and other disorders.
Feline Resorptive Lesions (Tooth Neck Lesions)
A resorptive lesion, also known as a neck lesion, feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion, is a defect of the tooth caused by the action of cells called odontoclasts.
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)
Feline infectious peritonitis is a usually fatal, incurable disease that affects cats.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a lentivirus that affects cats worldwide.
Fibrocartilaginous Embolism
A mass that travels through the bloodstream and lodges so as to obstruct or occlude a blood vessel.
Flea Bite Allergy
Flea Bite Allergy is a condition of dogs and cats which results in itchiness, hair loss and skin lesions because of the victim's immune system response to flea saliva.
Food Allergy
An allergic reaction to a substance ingested in food.


Gastroenteritis - Acute
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines, from bacterial toxins or viral infection.
Any of various flagellated, usually nonpathogenic protozoa of the genus Giardia that may be parasitic in the intestines of most domestic animals.


Heartworm Disease
Heartworms are parasites that live in the hearts of dogs and cats. They are transmitted by mosquitoes from one animal to another.
Heart Failure
Heart failure (HF), often called congestive heart failure (CHF) or congestive cardiac failure (CCF), occurs when the heart is unable to provide sufficient pump action to maintain blood flow to meet the needs of the body.[
Hemangiosarcoma is a rare, rapidly growing, highly invasive variety of cancer.
Hepatic Lipidosis (Fatty Liver)
Fatty liver, also known as fatty liver disease (FLD), is a reversible condition where large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e. abnormal retention of lipids within a cell).
Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing's)
Cushing's disease (hyperadrenocorticism) may be the most frequent endocrine disease in adult to aged dogs but is infrequent in other domestic animals.
Overactivity of the thyroid gland, resulting in a rapid heartbeat and an increased rate of metabolism.
Hypoadrenocortisism (Addison's)
Addison's disease: a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland.
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of certain important hormones.


Idiopathic Cystitis
Cystitis is defined as inflammation of the bladder. It may precede or be secondary to urolithiasis (stones in the urinary tract).
Inappropriate Elimination
A behavior problem characterized by failure on the part of a cat to voluntarily urinate or defecate in an available litter box.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel diseases are considered autoimmune diseases, in which the body's own immune system attacks elements of the digestive system.
Intervertebral Disk Disease
Degenerative changes in the discs located between vertebrae. The severity of the disorder is variable.
Infectious Tracheobronchitis (Kennel Cough)
This is an infectious disease of the respiratory system in dogs, and to lesser extent in cats. The disease is caused by a bacterium called Bordetella Bronchoseptica.


An infectious bacterial disease that occurs in rodents, dogs, and other mammals and can be transmitted to humans.


Imperfect positioning of the teeth when the jaws are closed.
Mammary Gland Neoplasia
There are two main types of mammary gland breast tumors, each with several subtypes of tumor growth.
Mast Cell Tumors
A mastocytoma or mast cell tumor is a type of round-cell tumor consisting of mast cells.


Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health.
Degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bone.
Otitis Externa - Ear infection
The inflammation of the external ear (including auricle and ear canal).


Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, an organ that is important in digestion.
Parvoviral Enteritis
A highly contagious infection of dogs caused by a Parvovirus which causes inflammation of the intestine.
Perianal Fistula
Perianal Fistula is a disease of the tissues surrounding the anus.
Periodontal Disease - Gingivitis
A disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth.
Also known as bumble foot, this is an infection in the footpad which leads to swelling and pain.
Prostatic Disease
Prostate disease is a general term that describes a number of medical conditions that can affect the prostate gland.
Pruritis (Itching)
Severe itching of the skin, as a symptom of various ailments.
Pyoderma (Bacterial Skin Infection)
A skin infection with formation of pus.


A seizure is the physical findings or changes in behavior that occur after an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Separation Anxiety
In the case of a pet, it is usually an anxiety brought on by separation from the primary pet caretaker.


Urinary Incontinance - Hormone Responsive
The inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination.
The formation of stony concretions in the bladder or urinary tract.